International Women’s Day 2023: History, Significance, Theme

International Women’s Day is celebrated every year on 8th March to spread the message of gender equality to create a better society free from gender discrimination. The day celebrates women and addresses issues such as equal rights for women, violence and abuse against women, and reproductive rights.

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According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), International Women’s Day emerged from the activities of labor movements in North America and Europe in the twentieth century.

The first National Women’s Day in the United States was celebrated on February 28, 1909, in memory of the 1908 garment workers’ strike in New York, during which women protested harsh working conditions.

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International Women’s Day became a mainstream global holiday following the adoption of a resolution by the United Nations General Assembly in 1977, calling on member states to declare March 8 as an official United Nations holiday for women’s rights and world peace. Invited.


This year, the United Nations declared the theme “DigitalAll: Innovation and Technology for Gender Equality” to emphasize the importance of technology in highlighting gender issues.

Some facts about women in digital technology

According to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) report, by 2022, only 63% of women will use the internet as compared to 69% of men.

The World Economic Forum (WEF) report states that by 2050, 75% of jobs will be related to STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) fields. Yet today, women hold just 22% of positions in artificial intelligence, to name just one.

According to the Gender Snapshot report in 2022, a study of 51 countries showed that 38% of women had personally experienced violence online.

UNESCO’s message for this year

UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay said in her message for this year’s International Women’s Day that there is a need to ensure that women and girls benefit from the opportunities provided by technological change and ensure a level playing field. She said this year’s day would focus on “innovation and technology for gender equality”, noting that women are four times less likely to have advanced ICT skills, make up less than 20% of the tech workforce, and AI operates only 12% of research.

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